Disposal of plastic waste has become a problem that most developing countries across the globe are grappling with. Sri Lanka is no exception. Each person in Sri Lankan generates around 0.64 kg of waste daily leading to 4.8 million metric tons of solid waste collected annually.
With a 16% annual increase in plastic consumption,it is clear priority should be given to reduce, reuse, and sustainably recycle plastic waste. Therefore, it is critical to identify collectors and organizations that align themselves with national policies to transform Sri Lanka into a green socio-economy.
‘Go Recycling Hub’ (GoR) is an initiative by Ceylon Emerald Way Private Limited based in the Ratnapura district to conserve the environment. They educate people on household waste segregation and locations to dispose plastic waste, conduct Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activities, buy-back plastic, and collect plastics from homes, schools, hospitals, public and private institutions, and public places for recycling.
“As facilitators, we try to give plastic waste new life. This is why we established GoR and a Material Recovery Facility (MRF) in 2020. We collect PET (such as water, carbonated and soft drink bottles etc.) and other types of plastics like PP (margarine containers and yogurt cups), HDPE and LDPE (both include a mix of shampoos/conditioners, detergent bottles and grocery bags etc.). We then ensure these items are recycled using infrastructure we have set up with Coca-Cola Beverages Sri Lanka Ltd. and Eco Spindles Pvt. Ltd. Our goal is to add value to waste, while also creating jobs for people in the Ratnapura district around waste collection,” said MangalaBandara, director of ‘Go Recycling Hub.’
They began this operation after noticing the growing plastic waste issue in the Ratnapura district. ‘GoR’ established four channels: the Bin Network, Bag Network, Other Supplier Network, and Country-side Operations to collect plastic waste that is thrown into open dumps or waterways, or burned. “We currently operate in seven cities in Ratnapura, and the target is to reach another seven by the end of 2021,” explained Mangala.
Through the Bin Network, they have currently established 15 plastic collection bins across the Ratnapura district, supported by Coca-Cola Beverages Sri Lanka Ltd. The ‘Bag Network’ was establishedwith ‘GoR’ providing bags that can store approximately 120 PET (5 kilos) bottles to shops. They then buy this collected plastic atRs. 20-25 per kilo as means of incentivizing shop owners.
As part of their ‘Other Supplier Network,’ ‘GoR’ collects from both the local Pradeshiya Sabha and the Municipal Council. “We also collect from small collectors by paying them Rs. 35 per kilo of PET plastic brought. By paying our collectors well, our collector network has expanded, and so has the collection load. In February, we received around 1000 kilos, and in June, we collected 3000-4000 kilos of waste plastic! Incentivizing collectors is critical because it builds their livelihoods and keeps them motivated to bring more plastic waste to our facility,” said Mangala.
The country-side Operation channel is a new initiative ‘GoR’ plans to implement with the aid of Coca-Cola, Eco Spindles, Ministry of Health (MOH), Public Health Inspector (PHI), GramaNiladhari Office and, the Central Environment Authority (CEA) Provincial Office in Ratnapura. By working collectively, they want to raise awareness of responsible recycling in households and schools. Here, they plan to set up bins in schools and run competitions to incentivize children to bring plastic waste from home.
“Part of this new channel is to help create more jobs, as many people in rural areas in the district do not have a fixed income, which is further amplified because of COVID. We want to identify low-income families and assist them to become collectors,” emphasized Mangala.
Coca-Cola Beverages Sri Lanka Ltd. has provided a modified 20-foot container to operate as an office as the central collection point; a bailing machine; and a crusher that can crush all types of plastic into flakes. This has allowed ‘GoR’ to expand their operations to establish a comprehensive MRF that can add significant value to the plastic waste, prior to it being recycled into raw materials for products. They will utilize their crushing machine to turn PET bottles into flakes, which will be sold to Eco Spindles, Sri Lanka’s largest plastic recycler who will convert these flakes into polyester yarn or monofilaments. Eco Spindles is also one of two plants globally with the capability to create yarn directly from plastic flakes.
There are however, issues in the waste collection process. “Collectors do not collect plastic waste thrown on the roads or waterways, except for the waste that is directly given to them. When collectors do not collect household plastic waste on time, people resort to burning it,” stated Mangala. Therefore, in addition to collecting waste daily, ‘GoR’ conducts CSR collection initiatives once in two months to collect plastic from rivers and public places.
Re-educating people has become a priority. “People throw away plastic because they don’t see the value in it and the impact to the environment when it’s irresponsibly disposed. We add value to it and pay for the waste plastic collected. Currently, only 10% of solid waste in Sri Lanka is recycled. We must aim to significantly improve this percentage. Disposing of plastic waste properly should not be someone else’s responsibility if you generate it. As citizens, we have to hold ourselves accountable. Please be more responsible consumers of plastic, so it makes our job as facilitators easier,” reiterated Mangala.